Arise and Shine

The 613 Mitzvot

The Talmud tells us (Tractate Makkot 23b) that there are 613 commandments in the Torah; 248 Positive Commandments (do's) and 365 Negative Commandments (do not's). However, the Talmud does not provide us with a list of these commandments.

Several great Jewish scholars have compiled a complete listing of these commandments. Although they all agree on the vast majority of the commandments, they do disagree concerning a number of them. The arguments are for scholastic purposes only, for they do not disagree over any actual commandment whether it is mandatory or forbidden -- they only disagree whether certain commandments are independent commandments, or perhaps they are part of another commandment and are not counted on their own.

The following list follows the opinion of Maimonides, as he lists them in his magnum opus, the Mishneh Torah. It must be noted that many of these commandments (such as all the commandments associated with sacrifices) are not practicable as long as there is no Temple in Jerusalem.

Click here to check up the Biblical source for any of the commandments.

1. To know there is a G-d--Exodus 20:2

2. Not to entertain thoughts of other gods besides Him--Exodus 20:3

3. To know that He is one--Deuteronomy 6:4

4. To love Him--Deuteronomy 6:5

5. To fear Him--Deuteronomy 10:20

6. To sanctify His Name--Leviticus 22:32

7. Not to profane His Name--Leviticus 22:32

8. Not to destroy objects associated with His Name--Deuteronomy 12:4

9. To listen to the prophet speaking in His Name--Deuteronomy 18:15

10. Not to test the prophet unduly--Deuteronomy 6:16

11. To emulate His ways--Deuteronomy 28:9

12. To cleave to those who know Him--Deuteronomy 10:20

13. To love other Jews--Leviticus 19:18

14. To love converts--Deuteronomy 10:19

15. Not to hate fellow Jews--Leviticus 19:17

16. To reprove wrongdoers--Leviticus 19:17

17. Not to embarrass others--Leviticus 19:17

18. Not to oppress the weak--Exodus 22:21

19. Not to gossip about others--Leviticus 19:16

20. Not to take revenge--Leviticus 19:18

21. Not to bear a grudge--Leviticus 19:18

22. To learn Torah and teach it--Deuteronomy 6:7

23. To honor those who teach and know Torah--Leviticus 19:32

24. Not to inquire into idolatry--Leviticus 19:4

25. Not to follow the whims of your heart or what your eyes see--Numbers 15:39

26. Not to blaspheme--Exodus 22:27

27. Not to worship idols in the manner they are worshiped--Exodus 20:5

28. Not to bow down to idols--Exodus 20:5

29. Not to make an idol for yourself--Exodus 20:4

30. Not to make an idol for others--Leviticus 19:4

31. Not to make human forms even for decorative purposes--Exodus 20:20

32. Not to turn a city to idolatry--Exodus 23:13

33. To burn a city that has turned to idol worship--Deuteronomy 13:17

34. Not to rebuild it as a city--Deuteronomy 13:17

35. Not to derive benefit from it--Deuteronomy 13:18

36. Not to missionize an individual to idol worship--Deuteronomy 13:12

37. Not to love the missionary--Deuteronomy 13:9

38. Not to cease hating the missionary--Deuteronomy 13:9

39. Not to save the missionary--Deuteronomy 13:9

40. Not to say anything in his defense--Deuteronomy 13:9

41. Not to refrain from incriminating him--Deuteronomy 13:9

42. Not to prophesize in the name of idolatry--Deuteronomy 18:20

43. Not to listen to a false prophet--Deuteronomy 13:4

44. Not to prophesize falsely in the name of God--Deuteronomy 18:20

45. Not to be afraid of killing the false prophet--Deuteronomy 18:22

46. Not to swear in the name of an idol--Exodus 23:13

47. Not to perform Ov (medium)--Leviticus 19:31

48. Not to perform Yidoni (magical seer)--Leviticus 19:31

49. Not to pass your children through the fire to Molech--Leviticus 18:21

50. Not to erect a column in a public place of worship--Deuteronomy 16:22

51. Not to bow down on smooth stone--Leviticus 26:1

52. Not to plant a tree in the Temple courtyard--Deuteronomy 16:21

53. To destroy idols and their accessories--Deuteronomy 12:2

54. Not to derive benefit from idols and their accessories--Deuteronomy 7:26

55. Not to derive benefit from ornaments of idols--Deuteronomy 7:25

56. Not to make a covenant with idolaters--Deuteronomy 7:2

57. Not to show favor to them--Deuteronomy 7:2

58. Not to let them dwell in our land--Exodus 23:33

59. Not to imitate them in customs and clothing--Leviticus 20:23

60. Not to be superstitious--Leviticus 19:26

61. Not to go into a trance to foresee events, etc.--Deuteronomy 18:10

62. Not to engage in astrology--Leviticus 19:26

63. Not to mutter incantations--Deuteronomy 18:11

64. Not to attempt to engage the dead in conversation--Deuteronomy 18:11

65. Not to consult the Ov--Deuteronomy 18:11

66. Not to consult the Yidoni--Deuteronomy 18:11

67. Not to perform acts of magic--Deuteronomy 18:10

68. Men must not shave the hair off the sides of their head--Leviticus 19:27

69. Men must not shave their beards with a razor--Leviticus 19:27

70. Men must not wear women's clothing--Deuteronomy 22:5

71. Women must not wear men's clothing--Deuteronomy 22:5

72. Not to tattoo the skin--Leviticus 19:28

73. Not to tear the skin in mourning--Deuteronomy 14:1

74. Not to make a bald spot in mourning--Deuteronomy 14:1

75. To repent and confess wrongdoings--Numbers 5:7

76. To say the Shema twice daily--Deuteronomy 6:7

77. To serve the Almighty with prayer daily--Exodus 23:25

78. The Kohanim must bless the Jewish nation daily--Numbers 6:23

79. To wear Tefillin on the head--Deuteronomy 6:8

80. To bind tefillin on the arm--Deuteronomy 6:8

81. To put a Mezuzah on each door post--Deuteronomy 6:9

82. To write a Sefer Torah--Deuteronomy 31:19

83. The king must have a separate Sefer Torah for himself--Deuteronomy 17:18

84. To have Tzitzit on four-cornered garments--Numbers 15:38

85. To bless the Almighty after eating--Deuteronomy 8:10

86. To circumcise all males on the eighth day after their birth--Leviticus 12:3

87. To rest on the seventh day--Exodus 23:12

88. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day--Exodus 20:10

89. The court must not inflict punishment on Shabbat--Exodus 35:3

90. Not to walk more than 2000 cubits outside the city boundary on Shabbat--Exodus 16:29

91. To sanctify the day with Kiddush and Havdalah--Exodus 20:8

92. To rest from prohibited labor on Yom Kippur--Leviticus 23:32

93. Not to do prohibited labor on Yom Kippur--Leviticus 23:31

94. To afflict yourself on Yom Kippur--Leviticus 16:29

95. Not to eat or drink on Yom Kippur--Leviticus 23:29

96. To rest on the first day of Passover--Leviticus 23:8

97. Not to do prohibited labor on the first day of Passover--Leviticus 23:8

98. To rest on the seventh day of Passover--Leviticus 23:8

99. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day of Passover--Leviticus 23:8

100. To rest on Shavuot--Leviticus 23:21

101. Not to do prohibited labor on Shavuot--Leviticus 23:21

102. To rest on Rosh Hashanah--Leviticus 23:24

103. Not to do prohibited labor on Rosh Hashanah--Leviticus 23:25

104. To rest on Sukkot--Leviticus 23:35

105. Not to do prohibited labor on Sukkot--Leviticus 23:35

106. To rest on Shemini Atzeret--Leviticus 23:36

107. Not to do prohibited labor on Shemini Atzeret--Leviticus 23:36

108. Not to eat Chametz on the afternoon of the 14th day of Nissan--Deuteronomy 16:3

109. To destroy all Chametz on 14th day of Nissan--Exodus 12:15

110. Not to eat Chametz all seven days of Passover--Exodus 13:3

111. Not to eat mixtures containing Chametz all seven days of Passover--Exodus 12:20

112. Chametz should not be seen in your domain seven days--Exodus 13:7

113. Chametz should not be found in your domain seven days--Exodus 12:19

114. To eat Matzah on the first night of Passover--Exodus 12:18

115. To relate the Exodus from Egypt on that night--Exodus 13:8

116. To hear the Shofar on the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah)--Numbers 29:1

117. To dwell in a Sukkah for the seven days of Sukkot--Leviticus 23:42

118. To take up a Lulav and Etrog all seven days of Sukkot--Leviticus 23:40

119. Each man must give a half shekel annually--Exodus 30:13

120. Courts must calculate to determine when a new month begins--Exodus 12:2

121. To afflict and cry out before God in times of catastrophe--Numbers 10:9

122. To marry a wife by the means prescribed in the Torah (kiddushin)--Deuteronomy 24:1

123. Not to have relations with women not thus married--Deuteronomy 23:18

124. Not to withhold food, clothing, and sexual relations from your wife--Exodus 21:10

125. To have children with one's wife--Genesis 1:28

126. To issue a divorce by means of a Get document--Deuteronomy 24:1

127. A man must not remarry his wife after she has married someone else--Deuteronomy 24:4

128. To do Yibum (marry childless brother's widow)--Deuteronomy 25:5

129. To do Chalitzah (freeing a widow from yibum)--Deuteronomy 25:9

130. The widow must not remarry until the ties with her brother-in-law are removed--Deuteronomy 25:5

131. The court must fine one who seduces a maiden--Exodus 22:15-16

132. The rapist must marry the maiden (if she chooses)--Deuteronomy 22:29

133. He is not allowed to divorce her--Deuteronomy 22:29

134. The slanderer must remain married to the wife he slandered--Deuteronomy 22:19

135. He must not divorce her--Deuteronomy 22:19

136. To fulfill the laws of the woman suspected of adultery (Sotah)--Numbers 5:30

137. Not to put oil on her meal offering--Numbers 5:15

138. Not to put frankincense on her Meal Offering--Numbers 5:15

139. Not to have sexual relations with your mother--Leviticus 18:7

140. Not to have sexual relations with your father's wife--Leviticus 18:8

141. Not to have sexual relations with your sister--Leviticus 18:9

142. Not to have sexual relations with your father's wife's daughter (from your father)--Leviticus 18:11

143. Not to have sexual relations with your son's daughter--Leviticus 18:10

144. Not to have sexual relations with your daughter--Leviticus 18:10

145. Not to have sexual relations with your daughter's daughter--Leviticus 18:10

146. Not to marry a woman and her daughter--Leviticus 18:17

147. Not to marry a woman and her son's daughter--Leviticus 18:17

148. Not to marry a with a woman and her daughter's daughter--Leviticus 18:17

149. Not to have sexual relations with your father's sister--Leviticus 18:12

150. Not to have sexual relations with your mother's sister--Leviticus 18:13

151. Not to have sexual relations with your father's brother's wife--Leviticus 18:14

152. Not to have sexual relations with your son's wife--Leviticus 18:15

153. Not to have sexual relations with your brother's wife--Leviticus 18:16

154. Not to have sexual relations with your wife's sister--Leviticus 18:18

155. A man must not have sexual relations with a beast--Leviticus 18:23

156. A woman must not have sexual relations with a beast--Leviticus 18:23

157. Not to have homosexual sexual relations--Leviticus 18:22

158. Not to have homosexual sexual relations with your father--Leviticus 18:7

159. Not to have homosexual sexual relations with your father's brother--Leviticus 18:14

160. Not to have sexual relations with a married woman--Leviticus 18:20

161. Not to have sexual relations with a menstrually impure woman--Leviticus 18:19

162. Not to marry non-Jews--Deuteronomy 7:3

163. Not to let Moabite and Ammonite males marry into the Jewish people--Deuteronomy 23:4

164. Don't keep a third generation Egyptian convert from marrying into the Jewish
people--Deuteronomy 23:8-9

165. Not to refrain from marrying a third generation Edomite convert--Deuteronomy 23:8-9

166. Not to let a Mamzer ("bastard") marry into the Jewish people--Deuteronomy 23:3

167. Not to let a eunuch marry into the Jewish people--Deuteronomy 23:2

168. Not to castrate any male (including animals)--Leviticus 22:24

169. The High Priest must not marry a widow--Leviticus 21:14

170. The High Priest must not have sexual relations with a widow even outside of marriage--Leviticus 21:14

171. The High Priest must marry a virgin maiden--Leviticus 21:13

172. A Kohen must not marry a divorcee--Leviticus 21:7

173. A Kohen must not marry a zonah (a woman who had forbidden relations)--Leviticus 21:7

174. A Kohen must not marry a chalalah (party to or product of 169-172)--Leviticus 21:7

175. Not to make pleasurable (sexual) contact with any forbidden woman--Leviticus 18:6

176. To examine the signs of animals to distinguish between Kosher and non-kosher--Leviticus 11:2

177. To examine the signs of fowl to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher--Deuteronomy 14:11

178. To examine the signs of fish to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher--Leviticus 11:9

179. To examine the signs of locusts to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher--Leviticus 11:21

180. Not to eat non-kosher animals--Leviticus 11:4

181. Not to eat non-kosher fowl--Leviticus 11:13

182. Not to eat non-kosher fish--Leviticus 11:11

183. Not to eat non-kosher flying insects--Deuteronomy 14:19

184. Not to eat non-kosher creatures that crawl on land--Leviticus 11:41

185. Not to eat non-kosher maggots--Leviticus 11:44

186. Not to eat worms found in fruit once they have left the fruit--Leviticus 11:42

187. Not to eat creatures that live in water other than fish--Leviticus 11:43

188. Not to eat the meat of an animal that died without ritual slaughter--Deuteronomy 14:21

189. Not to benefit from an beast condemned to be stoned--Exodus 21:28

190. Not to eat meat of an animal that was mortally wounded--Exodus 22:30

191. Not to eat a limb torn off a living creature--Deuteronomy 12:23

192. Not to eat blood--Leviticus 3:17

193. Not to eat certain fats of kosher animals--Leviticus 3:17

194. Not to eat the sinew of the thigh--Genesis. 32:33

195. Not to eat meat and milk cooked together--Exodus 23:19

196. Not to cook meat and milk together--Exodus 34:26

197. Not to eat bread from new grain before the Omer--Leviticus 23:14

198. Not to eat parched grains from new grain before the Omer--Leviticus 23:14

199. Not to eat ripened grains from new grain before the Omer--Leviticus 23:14

200. Not to eat fruit of a tree during its first three years--Leviticus 19:23

201. Not to eat diverse seeds planted in a vineyard--Deuteronomy 22:9

202. Not to eat untithed fruits--Leviticus 22:15

203. Not to drink wine poured in service to idols--Deuteronomy 32:38

204. To ritually slaughter an animal before eating it--Deuteronomy 12:21

205. Not to slaughter an animal and its offspring on the same day--Leviticus 22:28

206. To cover the blood (of a slaughtered beast or fowl) with earth--Leviticus 17:13

207. Not to take the mother bird from her children--Deuteronomy 22:6

208. To release the mother bird before taking the children--Deuteronomy 22:7

209. Not to swear falsely in G-d's Name--Leviticus 19:12

210. Not to take G-d's Name in vain--Exodus 20:7

211. Not to deny possession of something entrusted to you--Leviticus 19:11

212. Not to swear falsely in denial of a monetary claim--Leviticus 19:11

213. To swear in G-d's Name to confirm the truth when deemed necessary by court--Deuteronomy 10:20

214. To fulfill what was uttered and to do what was avowed--Deuteronomy 23:24

215. Not to break oaths or vows--Numbers 30:3

216. For oaths and vows annulled, there are the laws of annulling vows explicit in the Torah--Numbers 30:3

217. The Nazir must let his hair grow--Numbers 6:5

218. He must not cut his hair--Numbers 6:5

219. He must not drink wine, wine mixtures, or wine vinegar--Numbers 6:3

220. He must not eat fresh grapes--Numbers 6:3

221. He must not eat raisins--Numbers 6:3

222. He must not eat grape seeds--Numbers 6:4

223. He must not eat grape skins--Numbers 6:4

224. He must not be under the same roof as a corpse--Numbers 6:6

225. He must not come into contact with the dead--Numbers 6:7

226. He must shave after bringing sacrifices upon completion of his Nazirite period--Numbers 6:18

227. To estimate the value of people (when someone pledges a person's worth) as determined by the Torah--Leviticus 27:2

228. To estimate the value of consecrated animals--Leviticus 27:12-13

229. To estimate the value of consecrated houses--Leviticus 27:14

230. To estimate the value of consecrated fields--Leviticus 27:16

231. Carry out the laws of interdicting possessions (cherem)--Leviticus 27:28

232. Not to sell the cherem--Leviticus 27:28

233. Not to redeem the cherem--Leviticus 27:28

234. Not to plant diverse seeds together--Leviticus 19:19

235. Not to plant grains or greens in a vineyard--Deuteronomy 22:9

236. Not to crossbreed animals--Leviticus 19:19

237. Not to work different animals together--Deuteronomy 22:10

238. Not to wear Shatnez, a cloth woven of wool and linen--Deuteronomy 22:11

239. To leave a corner of the field uncut for the poor--Leviticus 19:10

240. Not to reap that corner--Leviticus 19:9

241. To leave gleanings for The poor--Leviticus 19:9

242. Not to gather the gleanings--Leviticus 19:9

243. To leave the gleanings of a vineyard--Leviticus 19:10

244. Not to gather the gleanings of a vineyard--Leviticus 19:10

245. To leave the unformed clusters of grapes for the poor--Leviticus 19:10

246. Not to pick the unformed clusters of grapes--Leviticus 19:10

247. To leave the forgotten sheaves in the field for the poor--Deuteronomy 24:19

248. Not to retrieve them--Deuteronomy 24:19

249. To separate the tithe for the poor--Deuteronomy 14:28

250. To give charity--Deuteronomy 15:11

251. Not to withhold charity from the poor--Deuteronomy 15:7

252. To set aside Terumah Gedolah (tithe for the Kohen)--Deuteronomy 18:4

253. The Levite must set aside a tenth of his tithe for the Kohen--Numbers 18:26

254. Not to improperly preface one tithe to the next, but separate them in their proper order--Exodus 22:28

255. A non-Kohen must not eat Terumah--Leviticus 22:10

256. A hired worker or a Jewish bondsman of a Kohen must not eat Terumah--Leviticus 22:10

257. An uncircumcised Kohen must not eat Terumah--Exodus 12:48

258. An impure Kohen must not eat Terumah--Leviticus 22:4

259. A chalalah [see Mitzvah 174] must not eat Terumah--Leviticus 22:12

260. To set aside Ma'aser (tithe) each planting year and give it to a Levite--Numbers 18:24

261. To set aside the Second Tithe (which is to be eaten in Jerusalem)--Deuteronomy 14:22

262. Not to spend its redemption money on anything but food, drink, or ointment--Deuteronomy 26:14

263. Not to eat the Second Tithe while impure--Deuteronomy 26:14

264. A mourner on the first day after death must not eat the Second Tithe --Deuteronomy 26:14

265. Not to eat Second Tithe grains outside Jerusalem--Deuteronomy 12:17

266. Not to eat Second Tithe wine products outside Jerusalem--Deuteronomy 12:17

267. Not to eat Second Tithe oil outside Jerusalem--Deuteronomy 12:17

268. The fourth year crops must be totally for holy purposes like the Second Tithe--Leviticus 19:24

269. To read the confession of tithes every fourth and seventh year--Deuteronomy 26:13

270. To set aside the first fruits and bring them to the Temple--Exodus 23:19

271. The Kohanim must not eat the first fruits outside Jerusalem--Deuteronomy 12:17

272. To read the Torah Portion pertaining to their presentation--Deuteronomy 26:5

273. To set aside a portion of dough for a Kohen--Numbers 15:20

274. To give the shoulder, two cheeks, and stomach of slaughtered animals to a Kohen--Deuteronomy 18:3

275. To give the first sheering of sheep to a Kohen--Deuteronomy 18:4

276. To redeem the firstborn sons and give the money to a Kohen--Numbers 18:15

277. To redeem the firstborn donkey by giving a lamb to a Kohen--Exodus 13:13

278. To break the neck of the donkey if the owner does not intend to redeem it--Exodus 13:13

279. To rest the land during the seventh year by not doing any work which enhances growth--Exodus 34:21

280. Not to work the land during the seventh year--Leviticus 25:4

281. Not to work with trees to produce fruit during that year--Leviticus 25:4

282. Not to reap crops that grow wild that year in the normal manner--Leviticus 25:5

283. Not to gather grapes which grow wild that year in the normal way--Leviticus 25:5

284. To leave free all produce which grew in that year--Exodus 23:11

285. To release all loans during the seventh year--Deuteronomy 15:3

286. Not to pressure or claim from the borrower--Deuteronomy 15:2

287. Not to refrain from lending immediately before the release of the loans for fear of monetary loss--Deuteronomy 15:9

288. The Sanhedrin must count seven groups of seven years--Leviticus 25:8

289. The Sanhedrin must sanctify the fiftieth (Jubilee) year--Leviticus 25:10

290. To blow the Shofar on the tenth of Tishrei (Yom Kippur of the Jubilee year) to free the slaves--Leviticus 25:9

291. Not to work the soil during the fiftieth year--Leviticus 25:11

292. Not to reap in the normal manner that which grows wild in the fiftieth year--Leviticus 25:11

293. Not to pick grapes which grew wild in the normal manner in the fiftieth year--Leviticus 25:11

294. Carry out the laws of sold family properties--Leviticus 25:24

295. Not to sell the land in Israel indefinitely--Leviticus 25:23

296. Carry out the laws of houses in walled cities--Leviticus 25:29

297. The Tribe of Levi must not be given a portion of the land in Israel, rather they are given cities to dwell in--Deuteronomy 18:2

298. The Levites must not take a share in the spoils of war--Deuteronomy 18:1

299. To give the Levites cities to inhabit and their surrounding fields--Numbers 35:2

300. Not to sell the fields but they shall remain the Levites' before and after the Jubilee year--Leviticus 25:34

301 through 613 HERE______________

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